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China's Energy Policy (2012)

中国的能源政策(2012)

  • China's Energy Policy (2012)
  • 中国的能源政策(2012)
  • (October 2012, Information Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China)
  • (2012年10月 中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室)
  • Contents
  • 目录
  • Preface
  • 前 言
  • I. Current Energy Development
  • 一、能源发展现状
  • II. Policies and Goals of Energy Development
  • 二、能源发展政策和目标
  • III. All-round Promotion of Energy Conservation
  • 三、全面推进能源节约
  • IV. Vigorously Developing New and Renewable Energy
  • 四、大力发展新能源和可再生能源
  • V. Promoting Clean Development of Fossil Energy
  • 五、推动化石能源清洁发展
  • VI. Improving Universal Energy Service
  • 六、提高能源普遍服务水平
  • VII. Accelerating Progress of Energy Technology
  • 七、加快推进能源科技进步
  • VIII. Deepening Institutional Reform in the Energy Sector
  • 八、深化能源体制改革
  • IX. Strengthening International Cooperation in Energy
  • 九、加强能源国际合作
  • Conclusion
  • 结束语
  • Preface
  • 前言
  • Energy is the material basis for the progress of human civilization and an indispensable basic condition for the development of modern society. It remains a major strategic issue for China as the country moves towards its goals of modernization and common prosperity for its people.
  • 能源是支撑人类文明进步的物质基础,是现代社会发展不可或缺的基本条件。在中国实现现代化和全体人民共同富裕的进程中,能源始终是一个重大战略问题。
  • Since China adopted the policy of reform and opening up in the late 1970s, its energy industry has made great advances. China is now the world's largest energy producer. It has built up a comprehensive energy supply system comprising coal, electricity, petroleum, natural gas, and new and renewable energy resources. Its universal energy service and civil energy use conditions have markedly improved. Its thriving energy industry provides a guarantee for the country to reduce poverty, improve the people's livelihood and maintain long-term, steady and rapid economic development.
  • 20世纪70年代末实行改革开放以来,中国的能源事业取得了长足发展。目前,中国已成为世界上最大的能源生产国,形成了煤炭、电力、石油天然气以及新能源和可再生能源全面发展的能源供应体系,能源普遍服务水平大幅提升,居民生活用能条件极大改善。能源的发展,为消除贫困、改善民生、保持经济长期平稳较快发展提供了有力保障。
  • However, China's energy development still faces many challenges. The country's energy resource endowment is not high and its per-capita share of coal, petroleum and natural gas is low. Its energy consumption has grown too quickly in recent years, increasing the strain on energy supply. Fossil energy resources have been exploited on a large scale, causing a certain amount of damage to the eco-environment.
  • 中国能源发展面临着诸多挑战。能源资源禀赋不高,煤炭、石油、天然气人均拥有量较低。能源消费总量近年来增长过快,保障能源供应压力增大。化石能源大规模开发利用,对生态环境造成一定程度的影响。
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