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Human Rights Record of the United States in 2014

2014年美国的人权纪录

  • Human Rights Record of the United States in 2014

  • 2014年美国的人权纪录

  • (June 2015, State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China)
  • (2015年6月 中华人民共和国国务院新闻办公室)

  • Contents
  • 目 录
  • Foreword
  • 导 言
  • I. On Civil Rights
  • 一、关于公民权利
  • II. On Political Rights
  • 二、关于政治权利
  • III. On Economic and Social Rights
  • 三、关于经济和社会权利
  • IV. On Racial Discrimination
  • 四、关于种族歧视
  • V. On Women and Children's Rights
  • 五、关于妇女和儿童权利
  • VI. On Violations of Human Rights in Other Countries
  • 六、关于侵犯他国人权
  • Foreword
  • 导 言
  • On June 25 local time, the State Department of the United States released its country reports on human rights practices once again, making comments on the human rights situations in many countries while showing not a bit of regret for or intention to improve its own terrible human rights record. Plenty of facts show that, in 2014, the U.S., a self-proclaimed human rights defender, saw no improvements in its existent human rights issues, but reported numerous new problems. While its own human rights situation was increasingly grave, the U.S. violated human rights in other countries in a more brazen manner, and was given more "red cards" in the international human rights field.
  • 美国国务院于当地时间6月25日再次发布“国别人权报告”,对世界许多国家人权状况评头论足,而偏偏对自己糟糕的人权纪录,毫无反省改进之意。大量事实证明,2014年,以“人权卫士”自居的美国,旧有人权问题未见改善,新的人权问题不断出现,自身人权状况更加堪忧,侵犯他国人权更加肆无忌惮,在国际人权场合被亮更多“红牌”。
  • The U.S. was haunted by spreading guns, frequent occurrence of violent crimes, which threatened citizens' civil rights. Statistics showed that the use of firearms in the U.S. was behind 69 percent of murders, while for robberies, the figure was 40 percent, and for aggravated assaults, 21.6 percent (edition.cnn.com). The excessive use of force by police officers led to many deaths, sparking public outcry. An unarmed 18-year-old African-American Michael Brown was shot dead by a white police officer named Darren Wilson in Ferguson, a town in Missouri. After the grand jury of both Missouri and New York decided to bring no charges against the white police officer, massive protests broke out in more than 170 cities nationwide (cn.nytimes.com, November 25, 2014).
  • 美国枪支泛滥,暴力犯罪猖獗,公民权利受到严重威胁。发生在美国的谋杀案件中有69.0%使用枪支,抢劫案件中有40.0%使用枪支,严重暴力袭击案中有21.6%使用枪支。(1)警察过度使用暴力造成多人死亡,引发民众强烈抗议。密苏里州弗格森镇手无寸铁的18岁非洲裔青年迈克尔·布朗遭白人警察达伦·威尔逊六枪射杀。密苏里州大陪审团和纽约州大陪审团相继作出白人警察无罪的判决后,引发全美超过170余座城市大规模的示威抗议运动。(2)
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