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The History and Development of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

新疆生产建设兵团的历史与发展

  • The History and Development of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

  • 新疆生产建设兵团的历史与发展

  • (State Council Information Office of the People's Republic of China October 2014, Beijing)
  • (2014年10月 国务院新闻办公室)

  • Contents
  • 目录
  • Preface
  • 前言
  • I. Founding and Development
  • 一、建立与发展
  • II. Responsibilities and Structure
  • 二、职责与体制
  • III. Development and Construction
  • 三、开发与建设
  • IV. Safeguard the Frontier, Maintain Stability, and Promote Ethnic Unity
  • 四、维稳戍边与促进民族团结
  • Preface
  • 前言
  • The practice of stationing garrison troops to cultivate and guard its border areas is a legacy of China's several thousand years of history of developing and safeguarding its frontiers. The central government first adopted this practice on a large scale in what is known as the Western Regions (the major part of which was today's Xinjiang) more than 2,000 years ago, during China's Western Han Dynasty, and it continues to this day. In 1949 Xinjiang was peacefully liberated. In 1954 the central government decided to form a production and construction corps in Xinjiang. This strategic move conformed to national conditions and the realities of Xinjiang, representing a continuation and development of historical experience under new conditions.
  • 屯垦戍边是中国几千年开发和保卫边疆的历史遗产。中央政府在西域新疆大规模屯垦戍边始于2000多年前的西汉,以后历代沿袭。1949年新疆和平解放,1954年中央政府决定在新疆成立生产建设兵团。这是符合中国国情和新疆实际的战略举措,也是历史经验在新的历史条件下的继承和发展。
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