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Rules of Procedure of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (2009 Amendment) (2009-2022 Annotation Version)

CHAPTER I General Provisions

Article 1 These Rules are formulated in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and the Organic Law of the National People's Congress and in the light of the practical experience of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

[Note:Article 1 is amended to read: “These Rules are developed in accordance with the Constitution and the Organic Law of the National People's Congress, and in light of the practical experience of the NPC Standing Committee, for the purposes of improving the rules of procedure of the NPC Standing Committee, and safeguarding and regulating the exercise of its functions and powers.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 2: “The NPC Standing Committee shall adhere to the leadership of the Communist Party of China and meet in session and carry out its work according to its statutory functions and powers and statutory procedures.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 3: “The NPC Standing Committee shall uphold and develop whole-process people's democracy, always maintain close contact with the people, hear their comments and recommendations, embody their will, and protect their rights and interests.”]

Article 2 In deliberating on bills and proposal and making decisions, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress shall give full play to democracy and apply the principle of democratic centralism.

[Note:Article 2 is renumbered as Article 4 and amended to read: “The NPC Standing Committee shall practice the principle of democratic centralism, fully promote democracy, and collectively exercise functions and powers in deliberating bills and proposals and making decisions.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 5: “When the NPC Standing Committee meets in session, it shall determine the date, agenda, and schedule of the session in a reasonable manner, and improve the quality and efficiency of deliberation.”]

CHAPTER II Convene of Meeting

Article 3 The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress shall meet in session once every other month; an interim session may be convened when necessary.
Meeting of the Standing Committee shall be convened and conducted by its Chairman. The Chairman may entrust any of the Vice-Chairmen to conduct a meeting on his behalf.

[Note:Article 3 is renumbered as Article 6, paragraph 1 of which is amended to read: “The NPC Standing Committee shall meet in session once every two months and may increase a session when necessary; and may convene an interim session when there are special needs.”
One paragraph is added as paragraph 2: “The convening date of each session of the Standing Committee shall be decided by the Council of Chairpersons.”]

Article 4 Meeting of the Standing Committee may not be held unless more than half of the members of the Committee are present.

[Note:Article 4 is renumbered as Article 7 and amended to read: “The Standing Committee may meet in session only when more than a half of all members of the Standing Committee are present.
“Under exceptional circumstances, the members of the Standing Committee may attend the session by video streaming as decided by the Council of Chairpersons.”]

Article 5 The Council of Chairmen shall draft the agenda for a meeting of the Standing Committee and refer it to a plenary meeting of the Standing Committee for decision.
During a meeting of the Standing Committee, if it needs to change the agenda, the proposal shall be made at the Council of Chairmen and subject to the approval of the plenary meeting of the Standing Committee.

[Note:Article 5 is renumbered as Article 8, and one paragraph is added as paragraph 3: “The schedule of the session shall be decided by the Council of Chairpersons.”]

Article 6 To hold a meeting, the Standing Committee shall, at least seven days before the meeting, notify its members and non-voting delegates of the date of the meeting and the major matters to be deliberated at the meeting. An interim meeting can be notified within a shorter time.

Article 7 When the Standing Committee meets, leading members of the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate shall attend the meeting as nonvoting participants.
The chairmen, vice-chairmen and members of the special committees of the National People's Congress who are not members of the Standing Committee, the deputy secretary general of the Standing Committee, the directors and deputy directors of the working committee and the persons in charge of the relevant departments shall attend the meeting as non-voting delegates.

[Note:Article 7 is renumbered as Article 10, paragraph 1 of which is amended to read: “When the Standing Committee meets in session, leading members of the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the National Oversight Commission, the Supreme People's Court, and the Supreme People's Procuratorate shall observe the session.”
Paragraph 2 is amended to read: “The chairmen, vice-chairmen, and members of the special committees of the NPC who are not members of the Standing Committee, the deputy secretary-general of the Standing Committee, the director and deputy directors of the working committee, the directors and deputy directors of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Basic Law Committee, the directors and deputy directors of the Macao Special Administrative Region Basic Law Committee, and the persons in charge of the appropriate departments shall observe the session.”]

Article 8 When the Standing Committee holds a meeting, the director or one of the deputy directors of the standing committee of the people's congress of each province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government shall attend the meeting as a non-voting delegate, and the relevant NPC deputies can be invited to the meeting as non-voting delegates.

[Note:Article 8 is renumbered as Article 11 and amended to read: “When the Standing Committee meets in session, the director or one of the deputy directors of the standing committee of the people's congress of every province, autonomous region, municipality directly under the Central Government, or any other relevant place shall observe the session, and the relevant deputies to the NPC may be invited to observe the session.
“Under exceptional circumstances, the scope of observers may be adjusted upon the decision of the Council of Chairpersons.”]

Article 9 When the Standing Committee is in session, it shall hold plenary meetings, groups meeting and joint group meetings.
For the panel meetings of the Standing Committee, several conveners shall be determined at the chairmen's council to host the meetings in turn. The list of panel meetings shall be drafted by the working body of the Standing Committee, finalized by the secretary general and adjusted on a regular basis.
A joint meetings of the Standing Committee shall be hosted by the chairman or any vice chairman authorized by the chairman.

[Note:Article 9 is divided into three articles as Articles 12, 13, and 14 and amended to read:
“Article 12 When the Standing Committee meets in session, it shall convene plenary meetings and group meetings, and convene joint group meetings when necessary.
“Article 13 The group meetings of the Standing Committee shall be presided over in turn by several conveners determined by the Council of Chairpersons.
“Where there are any major differences of opinions or any other important information during the deliberation process of the group meeting, the convener shall report the same to the Secretary-General in a timely manner.
“The list of the group meeting shall be drafted by the working body of the Standing Committee, finalized by the Secretary-General, and adjusted on a periodical basis.
“Article 14 A joint group meeting of the Standing Committee shall be presided over by the Chairperson. The Chairperson may entrust a Vice-Chairperson to preside over the meeting.
“A joint group meeting may be convened by each group or by two or more groups.”]

Article 10 When the Standing Committee meets, its members shall attend the meeting, except for those who ask to be excused on account of poor health or for other reasons.

[Note:Article 10 is renumbered as Article 15 and amended to read: “When the Standing Committee meets in session, its members shall attend the session; and in case of inability to attend a session for illness or any other special reason, a member shall file a written request with the Chairperson for a leave through the working body of the Standing Committee.
“The working body of the Standing Committee shall report to the Chairperson on the attendance and the reasons for any absence of members of the Standing Committee.
“Members of the Standing Committee shall diligently and fully discharge their duties, diligently deliberate all bills and proposals and reports, and strictly abide by the discipline for sessions.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 16: “Sessions of the Standing Committee shall be convened in public. The date, agenda and schedule of each session of the Standing Committee and session information shall be disclosed to the public. The Council of Chairpersons may decide to suspend the disclosure of the relevant agenda when necessary.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 17: “The sessions of the Standing Committee shall promote electronic session documents and materials by using modern information technologies, and facilitate and serve the performance of duties by members of the Standing Committee and observers through video streaming and other means.”]

CHAPTER III Submission of and Deliberation on Bills and Proposals

Article 11 The Council of Chairmen may submit to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings bill and proposals that are within the scope of the functions and powers of the Standing Committee.
The State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and the special committees of the National People's Congress may submit to the Standing Committee bills and proposals that are within the scope of its functions and powers. The Council of Chairmen shall decide whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meeting or to refer them to the relevant special committees for deliberation and the submission of reports before deciding whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings.
Bill and proposals that are within the scope of the function and powers of the Standing Committee may be submitted to it by 10 or more of its members. The Council of Chairmen shall decide whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meeting or to refer them to the relevant special committee for deliberation and the submission of reports before deciding whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings. Bills and proposals that are not to be referred to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings shall be reported to the Standing Committee at its meetings, or explanations shall be made to the sponsors.

[Note:Article 11 is renumbered as Article 18, paragraph 2 of which is amended to read: “The State Council, the Central Military Commission, the National Oversight Commission, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and all special committees of the NPC may submit to the Standing Committee bills and proposals that fall within the scope of functions and powers of the Standing Committee, and the Council of Chairpersons shall decide whether to place a bill or proposal on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee, or refer it to an appropriate special committee for deliberation and report before deciding whether to place the bill or proposal on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee.”
Paragraph 3 is amended to read: “Ten or more members of the Standing Committee may jointly submit to the Standing Committee bills and proposals that fall within the scope of functions and powers of the Standing Committee. The Council of Chairpersons shall decide whether to place a bill or proposal on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee, or refer it to an appropriate special committee to deliberate and give opinions on whether to place it on the agenda before deciding whether to place the bill or proposal on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee. Any bill or proposal that is not to be placed on the agenda of the session of the Standing Committee must be reported to the session of the Standing Committee or an explanation shall be given to the sponsor.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 19: “The bills and proposals submitted to the session of the Standing Committee for deliberation shall be submitted to the Standing Committee ten days before the session is convened.
“The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall not apply to a special session of the Standing Committee.
“When bills and proposals are introduced to the Standing Committee, texts and explanations of the bills and proposals shall be submitted at the same time.”]

Article 12 The chairmen's council can, when necessary, authorize a working committee or the General Office of the Standing Committee to draft bills and proposals and make explanations to the Standing Committee at its meetings.

Article 13 With regard to the bills and proposals that have been placed on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee, the sponsor organs, the special committees and the working bodies of the Standing Committee concerned shall provide relevant information.
Any appointment or removal proposal shall be attached with the basic information of the person to be appointed or removed and the appointment or removal reasons, and the responsible persons shall attend the meeting to answer questions when necessary.

[Note:Article 13 is renumbered as Article 21, paragraph 2 of which is amended to read: “A proposal regarding appointment or removal shall be attached with the basic information of the person to be appointed or removed from office and the appointment or removal reasons, and the relevant persons in charge shall attend the session to answer questions when necessary.”]

Article 14 The Standing Committee shall hold plenary meetings to heat explanation about the bills and proposals.
After that, the bill and proposals shall be deliberated on at group meetings and also by the special committees concerned.

[Note:Article 14 is renumbered as Article 22, paragraph 1 of which is amended to read: “The Standing Committee shall hold plenary meetings to hear explanations on bills and proposals. An explanation on bills and proposals with associated contents may be made together.”
Paragraph 2 is amended to read: “The explanations on bills and proposals, after being heard by the plenary meeting of the Standing Committee, shall be deliberated by the group meeting and joint group meeting, and the appropriate special committees shall deliberate the bills and proposals and submit reports.”]

Article 15 With respect to the draft laws placed on the agenda of a session, after hearing the explanations and making preliminary deliberations, the Standing Committee shall refer them to the relevant special committee for deliberation and to the law committee for overall deliberation. The Law Committee shall submit a report on the results of deliberation to the next session or a later session of the Standing Committee and the Standing Committee shall print the deliberation reports prepared by the relevant special committees and distribute them at a meeting of the Standing Committee.
After deliberation on the bills and proposal involving decisions on or amendments to laws, the Law Committee mat submit a report on the results of deliberation to the current session or to the next session or a later session of the Standing Committee.

[Note:Article 15 is renumbered as Article 23, paragraph 1 of which is amended to read: “After a legislative bill placed on the agenda of a session is explained to and deliberated for the first time by the Standing Committee, the bill shall be uniformly deliberated by the Constitution and Law Committee, and the report on the results of deliberation shall be submitted to the next or later session of the Standing Committee.”
Paragraph 2 is amended to read: “After uniform deliberation on the bills and proposals involving decisions on legal issues or amendments to laws, the Constitution and Law Committee may submit a report on the results of deliberation to the current session or to the next session or later session of the Standing Committee.”
One paragraph is added as paragraph 3: “Special committees shall deliberate the relevant legislative bill and offer their deliberation opinions, and circulate such opinions at the session of the Standing Committee.”
One paragraph is added as paragraph 4: “A legislative bill introduced to the NPC may be first introduced to the Standing Committee when the NPC is not in session, and a decision shall be made on submitting the bill to the NPC for deliberation after it is deliberated at a session of the Standing Committee.”]

Article 16 A bill for approval of a final accounting or budget readjustment proposal shall be submitted to the Financial and Economic Affairs Committee for deliberation and can be simultaneously submitted to another appropriate special committee for deliberation, and the deliberation results shall be submitted by the Financial and Economic Affairs Committee to the Standing Committee at its meeting.
A bill for approval of a treaty or convention shall be submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee for deliberation and can be simultaneously submitted to another appropriate special committee for deliberation, and the deliberation results shall be submitted by the Foreign Affairs Committee to the Standing Committee.

[Note:Article 16 is divided into two articles as Article 24 and Article 25 and amended to read:
“Article 24 A bill or proposal for the approval of the outline or plan for national economic and social development, the budget adjustment plan, or final accounts shall be submitted to the Financial and Economic Committee for examination and can be simultaneously submitted to another appropriate special committee for examination, and the report on the examination results shall be submitted by the Financial and Economic Committee to the Standing Committee at its session. The examination opinions of appropriate specialized committees shall be circulated at the session of the Standing Committee.
“The outline or plan for national economic and social development or budget adjustment plan shall be submitted to the Financial and Economic Committee for preliminary examination 45 days before the Standing Committee convenes a plenary meeting for examination.
“The budget adjustment plan and the draft of final accounts shall be submitted to the Financial and Economic Committee for preliminary examination 30 days before the Standing Committee convenes a plenary meeting for examination.
“Article 25 A bill or proposal for the approval of a treaty or important agreement shall be submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee for deliberation and can be simultaneously submitted to another special committee for deliberation, and the Foreign Affairs Committee shall submit a report on the deliberation result to the Standing Committee, or the next or later session of the Standing Committee. The deliberation opinions of the appropriate specialized committees shall be circulated at the session of the Standing Committee.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 26: “The regulations, autonomous regulations, and separate regulations that need to be submitted to the Standing Committee for approval in accordance with the law shall be submitted by the enacting organ to the Standing Committee, and the Council of Chairpersons shall decide on placing them on the agenda of the session of the Standing Committee and refer them to the appropriate special committees for deliberation and report.”]
[Note:One article is added as Article 27: “If it is necessary to add or delete from the list of laws listed in Annex III to the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and in Annex III to the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Council of Chairpersons shall introduce a bill or proposal and submit it to the session of the Standing Committee for deliberation after the opinions of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Basic Law Committee and the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region Basic Law Committee and the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region are solicited.”]

Article 17 A joint group meeting of the Standing Committee may hear and deliberate on the special committees' reports on their deliberations on bills and proposals and discuss the items on the agenda of the session.

Article 18 Leading members of organs sponsoring the bill or proposals may make supplementary explanations about them at plenary meetings or joint group meetings of the Standing Committee.

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