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Rules of Procedure for the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (1987-2009 Annotation Version)

Article 1 These Rules are formulated in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and the Organic Law of the National People 's Congress and in the light of the practical experience of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

Article 2 In deliberating on bills and proposals and making decisions, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress shall give full play to democracy and apply the principle of democratic centralism.

CHAPTER I CONVENING OF MEETINGS

Article 3 The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress shall meet in session once every other month; an interim session may be convened when necessary.
Meetings of the Standing Committee shall be convened and conducted by its Chairman. The Chairman may entrust any of the Vice-Chairmen to conduct a meeting on his behalf.

Article 4 Meetings of the Standing Committee may not be held unless more than half of the members of the Committee are present.

Article 5 The Council of Chairmen shall draft the agenda for a meeting of the Standing Committee and refer it to a plenary meeting of the Standing Committee for decision.

[Note:One paragraph shall be added to Article 5 as Paragraph 2: “During a meeting of the Standing Committee, if it needs to change the agenda, the proposal shall be made at the chairmen's council and subject to the approval of the plenary meeting of the Standing Committee.”]

Article 6 When the Standing Committee is to hold a meeting, its members shall be notified, seven days in advance, of the date of the meeting and the main items proposed for discussion. They may be notified of an interim session within a shorter time.

[Note:Article 6 shall be amended as: “To hold a meeting, the Standing Committee shall, at least seven days before the meeting, notify its members and non-voting delegates of the date of the meeting and the major matters to be deliberated at the meeting. An interim meeting can be notified within a shorter time.”]

Article 7 When the Standing Committee meets, leading members of the State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate shall attend the meeting as nonvoting participants.
The chairmen and vice-chairmen of all the special committees of the National People's Congress, members and advisers of the relevant special committees and leading members of the relevant departments shall attend the meeting as nonvoting participants.

[Note:Paragraph 2 of Article 7 shall be amended as: “The chairmen, vice-chairmen and members of the special committees of the National People's Congress who are not members of the Standing Committee, the deputy secretary general of the Standing Committee, the directors and deputy directors of the working committees and the persons in charge of the relevant departments shall attend the meeting as non-voting delegates.”]

Article 8 When the Standing Committee meets, the chairman or one of the vice-chairmen of the people's congress of each province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government shall attend the meeting as a nonvoting participant; when necessary, the relevant deputies to the National People's Congress may be invited to the meeting as nonvoting participants.

[Note:Article 8 shall be amended as: “When the Standing Committee holds a meeting, the director or one of the deputy directors of the standing committee of the people's congress of each province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government shall attend the meeting as a non-voting delegate, and the relevant NPC deputies can be invited to the meeting as non-voting delegates.”]

Article 9 When the Standing Committee is in session, it shall hold plenary meetings, group meetings and joint group meetings.

[Note:One paragraph shall be added to Article 9 as Paragraph 2: “For the panel meetings of the Standing Committee, several conveners shall be determined at the chairmen's council to host the meetings in turn. The list of panel meetings shall be drafted by the working body of the Standing Committee, finalized by the secretary general and adjusted on a regular basis.”
One paragraph shall be added as Paragraph 3: “A joint meeting of the Standing Committee shall be hosted by the chairman or any vice chairman authorized by the chairman.”]

Article 10 When members of the Standing Committee are going to deliberate on bills or proposals or work reports at group meetings, the departments concerned shall be notified to send people to attend the meetings to listen to comments and answer questions.
When members of the Standing Committee are going to deliberate on bills or proposals or work reports at joint group meetings, leading members of the departments concerned shall be notified to attend the meetings to listen to comments and answer questions.

[Note:Article 10 shall be changed into Article 25.]

Article 11 When the Standing Committee meets, its members shall attend the meeting, except for those who ask to be excused on account of poor health or for other reasons.

CHAPTER II SUBMISSION OF AND DELIBERATION ON BILLS AND PROPOSALS

Article 12 The Council of Chairmen may submit to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings bills and proposals that are within the scope of the functions and powers of the Standing Committee.
The State Council, the Central Military Commission, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and the special committees of the National People's Congress may submit to the Standing Committee bills and proposals that are within the scope of its functions and powers. The Council of Chairmen shall decide whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings or to refer them to the relevant special committees for deliberation and the submission of reports before deciding whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings.
Bills and proposals that are within the scope of the functions and powers of the Standing Committee may be submitted to it by 10 or more of its members. The Council of Chairmen shall decide whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings or to refer them to the relevant special committees for deliberation and the submission of reports before deciding whether to refer them to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings. Bills and proposals that are not to be referred to the Standing Committee for deliberation at its meetings shall be reported to the Standing Committee at its meetings, or explanations shall be made to the sponsors.

Article 13 The Council of Chairmen may, on the basis of needs in work, entrust the working commissions and the General Office of the Standing Committee to draft bills and proposals on behalf of the Standing Committee and make explanations to the Standing Committee at its meetings.

[Note:Article 13 shall be changed into Article 12 and amended as: “The chairmen's council can, when necessary, authorize a working committee or the General Office of the Standing Committee to draft bills and proposals and make explanations to the Standing Committee at its meetings.”]

Article 14 With regard to the bills and proposals that have been placed on the agenda of a session of the Standing Committee, the sponsor organs, the special committees and the working bodies of the Standing Committee concerned shall provide relevant information.
For proposals on appointments, the sponsor organs shall provide basic information on the appointees; when necessary, the responsible persons concerned shall attend the meetings to answer questions.

[Note:Article 14 shall be changed into Article 13, and the second paragraph shall be amended as: “Any appointment or removal proposal shall be attached with the basic information of the person to be appointed or removed and the appointment or removal reasons, and the responsible persons shall attend the meeting to answer questions when necessary.”]

Article 15 The Standing Committee shall hold plenary meetings to hear explanations about the bills and proposals.
After that, the bills and proposals shall be deliberated on at group meetings and also by the special committees concerned.

[Note:One article shall be added as Article 16: “A bill for approval of a final accounting or budget readjustment proposal shall be submitted to the Financial and Economic Affairs Committee for deliberation and can be simultaneously submitted to another appropriate special committee for deliberation, and the deliberation results shall be submitted by the Financial and Economic Affairs Committee to the Standing Committee at its meeting.
“A bill for approval of a treaty or convention shall be submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee for deliberation and can be simultaneously submitted to another appropriate special committee for deliberation, and the deliberation results shall be submitted by the Foreign Affairs Committee to the Standing Committee.”]

Article 16 With respect to the draft laws placed on the agenda of a session, after hearing the explanations and making preliminary deliberations, the Standing Committee shall refer them to the relevant special committees for deliberation and to the Law Committee for overall deliberation. The Law Committee shall submit a report on the results of deliberation to the next session or a later session of the Standing Committee and the Standing Committee shall print the deliberation reports prepared by the relevant special committees and distribute them at a meeting of the Standing Committee.
After deliberating on the bills and proposals involving decisions on or amendments to laws, the Law Committee may submit a report on the results of deliberation to the current session or to the next session or a later session of the Standing Committee.

Article 17 A joint group meeting of the Standing Committee may hear and deliberate on the special committees' reports on their deliberations on bills and proposals and discuss the items on the agenda of the session.

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