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Guiding Case No. 8 of the Supreme People's Court: Lin Fangqing v. Kailai Industrial Co., Ltd. of Changshu City and Dai Xiaoming (company dissolution dispute)

指导案例8号:林方清诉常熟市凯莱实业有限公司、戴小明公司解散纠纷案

  • Lin Fangqing v. Kailai Industrial Co., Ltd. of Changshu City and Dai Xiaoming(company dissolution dispute)
  • 林方清诉常熟市凯莱实业有限公司、戴小明公司解散纠纷案 

  • (Issued on April 9, 2012 as adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court)

  • (最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过 2012年4月9日发布)

  • Guiding Case No. 8

  • 指导案例8号

  • Keywords:

  • 关键词

  • civil; company dissolution; serious difficulty in business operations and management; company deadlock

  • 民事 公司解散 经营管理严重困难 公司僵局

  • Judgment's Key Points

  • 裁判要点

  • Pursuant to Article 183 of the Company Law, “serious difficulty in business operations and management of a company” is one of the conditions for a shareholder to institute an action for company dissolution. To determine whether the business operations and management of a company are in serious difficulty, the operating status of the company's organizational structure should be analyzed comprehensively. Where a company is making profits but there is a long-term mechanism failure of its shareholders' meeting, there are serious obstacles in its internal management, and the company has entered a state of deadlock, the company may be determined to have serious difficulty in business operations and management. If other conditions as prescribed in the Company Law and relevant judicial interpretations are satisfied, the people's court may make a to legally dissolve the company.

  • 公司法一百八十三条将“公司经营管理发生严重困难”作为股东提起解散公司之诉的条件之一。判断“公司经营管理是否发生严重困难”,应从公司组织机构的运行状态进行综合分析。公司虽处于盈利状态,但其股东会机制长期失灵,内部管理有严重障碍,已陷入僵局状态,可以认定为公司经营管理发生严重困难。对于符合公司法及相关司法解释规定的其他条件的,人民法院可以依法判决公司解散。

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