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Guiding Case No. 183: Fang Yue v. MetLife Insurance Co., Ltd. (dispute over an employment contract)

指导案例183号:房玥诉中美联泰大都会人寿保险有限公司劳动合同纠纷案

  • Guiding Case No. 183: Fang Yue v. MetLife Insurance Co., Ltd. (dispute over an employment contract)(Deliberated and adopted by the Judicial Committee of the Supreme People's Court, issued on July 4, 2022)
  • 指导案例183号:房玥诉中美联泰大都会人寿保险有限公司劳动合同纠纷案(最高人民法院审判委员会讨论通过2022年7月4日发布)
  • Guiding Case No. 183
  • 指导案例183号
  • [Keywords]
  • 关键词
  • civil; labor contract; demission; year-end bonus
  • 民事/劳动合同/离职/年终奖
  • [Key Points of Judgment]
  • 裁判要点
  • Where an employee who left his or her post before awarding of the year-end bonus claims that the employer should pay him or her the year-end bonus, the people's court shall take into full account various factors including the reason for the employee's demission, the date of demission, and the employee's job performance and contribution to the employer. Where the rules of the employer provide that an employee that leaves his or her post before awarding of the year-end bonus may not be awarded the year-end bonus, but the rescission of the employment contract is not caused by the unilateral fault or voluntary resignation of the employee, the employee has completed the annual work task, and the employer fails to prove that the employee's work achievement and performance are not up to the standard for awarding the year-end bonus, if such employee claims that the employer should pay the year-end bonus, the people's court shall support such claim.
  • 年终奖发放前离职的劳动者主张用人单位支付年终奖的,人民法院应当结合劳动者的离职原因、离职时间、工作表现以及对单位的贡献程度等因素进行综合考量。用人单位的规章制度规定年终奖发放前离职的劳动者不能享有年终奖,但劳动合同的解除非因劳动者单方过失或主动辞职所导致,且劳动者已经完成年度工作任务,用人单位不能证明劳动者的工作业绩及表现不符合年终奖发放标准,年终奖发放前离职的劳动者主张用人单位支付年终奖的,人民法院应予支持。
  • [Relevant Legal Provisions]
  • 相关法条
  • [Basic Facts]
  • 基本案情
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