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Guiding Case No. 178 of the Supreme People's Court: Beihai Naizhi Ocean Technology Co., Ltd. v. Ocean and Fishery Bureau of Beihai City (administrative penalty)

指导案例178号:北海市乃志海洋科技有限公司诉北海市海洋与渔业局行政处罚案

  • Guiding Case No. 178 of the Supreme People's Court: Beihai Naizhi Ocean Technology Co., Ltd. v. Ocean and Fishery Bureau of Beihai City (administrative penalty)
  • 指导案例178号:北海市乃志海洋科技有限公司诉北海市海洋与渔业局行政处罚案
  • Guiding Case No. 178
  • 指导案例178号
  • Keywords:
  • 关键词
  • administrative, administrative penalty, illegal reclamation, protection of coastline, marine ecology and environment, determination of joint violation, lighter or mitigated administrative penalty
  • 行政/行政处罚/非法围海、填海/海岸线保护/海洋生态环境/共同违法认定/从轻或者减轻行政处罚
  • Key Points of Judgment
  • 裁判要点
  • 1. If an actor conducts sea use activities of building dikes to enclose a sea area on the seaward side of the coastline by leveling grounds, building cofferdams to protect dikes, and other means, filling the sea area to create land and form an effective coastline, and changing the natural attributes of the sea area, without acquiring a right to use the sea area in accordance with the law, the actor may be determined to commit illegal reclamation.
  • 1.行为人未依法取得海域使用权,在海岸线向海一侧以平整场地及围堰护岸等方式,实施筑堤围割海域,将海域填成土地并形成有效岸线,改变海域自然属性的用海活动可以认定为构成非法围海、填海。
  • 2. If actors perform independent acts of reclamation in the same sea area one after another with different harmful consequences, without intention to jointly violate the law, they fall outside the circumstance of joint violation of the law. If the administrative authorities determine that the above act of each actor constitutes an independent administrative violation, and impose an independent administrative penalty on each actor, the people's court shall uphold such determination and administrative penalty. For two or more independent illegal acts of reclamation occurring successively in the same sea area, the actors shall each bear the corresponding administrative legal liability, and the provisions on lighter or mitigated administrative penalties shall not apply to subsequent illegal acts because of previous illegal acts.
  • 2.同一海域内,行为人在无共同违法意思联络的情形下,先后各自以其独立的行为进行围海、填海,并造成不同损害后果的,不属于共同违法的情形。行政机关认定各行为人的上述行为已构成独立的行政违法行为,并对各行为人进行相互独立的行政处罚,人民法院应予支持。对于同一海域内先后存在两个以上相互独立的非法围海、填海行为,行为人应各自承担相应的行政法律责任,在后的违法行为不因在先的违法行为适用从轻或者减轻行政处罚的有关规定。
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